DEFINITION OF CHARACTER EDUCATION
Right now in the world of education we often heard the term character education. Character education is the new watchword in education because it is considered as an ideal, which if it can be applied to either the outcome will be very good education is to make students into individuals who are tough, smart, intelligent, honest, religious, has a love of a fellow, responsible, healthy physical and spiritual. Education is what most people can not make Indonesia a strong, personal, face formidable progress, and are responsible for all actions.
As the understanding of character education, here I mengmbil an article of Ministry of National Education.
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As with other terminology, there is no single definition for character education. Etymologically, the character means character or disposition. There also are equating it with the habit. In addition there is a tie with confidence. Even equated with morality.
From this sense, the obvious character often associated with psychosis. Therefore, according to psychologists, the character is a system of beliefs and customs that exist in a person who directs the act.
Then where is the character in a person? This also is difficult to answer. But there are "legal" interest-related characters. This Roughly saying, the mind produces speech; utterance affects the action; action produces habits; habit forming character; character determines destiny.
Apparently, the most fundamental in the formation of character that no other is thinking. Known, in mind that all human action it is programmed. Starting from a mind that is, the good and bad human actions originate. When his mind is positive, then positive action and vice versa.
Therefore, the mind must get a good intake in order to produce good action. In this context, character education is very important to give it a good intake. In fact, the name of education intrinsically aimed at providing positive thoughts. So kloplah pair of education and this character.
• Four Dimensions of Character Education
Observing the basic concepts of education, the characters are developed Kemdiknas, there appeared four dimensions. As shown in the figure below, includes character education: if the thought, though the liver, sports, and by intention. In the picture it looks too variables to the value of each dimension.
Noteworthy in four dimensions are the linkages among them to each other is denoted by four interlocking circles. Meaning, the character of an individual is declared complete if the fourth dimension is to grow and develop in themselves are concerned.
No one's perfect if only smart person only (if the brain). What does it mean if you do not have the versatility attributes of divinity, humanity, and kesosialan and citizenship. It is therefore necessary if liver.
Of course, in addition to brain and heart need to evolve, humans also need to develop sports and karsanya. This is in order he can be present in their social environment. A clever brain and the heart is soft, yet completely useless if it does not provide benefits for the surrounding areas.
As for exercise, is necessary so that a person has a physical waking. By physically fit, then the potential of the previous three, brain, liver, and taste, can be used optimally. Imagine, if someone is smart brain, gentle, yet sickly he will not give maximum impact to the environment.
• Character Education Core Values
Minister of Education, M. Noah likens the values in that character education, including those located in four dimensions - as a tree. Like a tree, that character education has deep roots so the tree can grow and develop. Similarly one can live well if you have the core values of character as his roots. Core values consist of four aspects.
First, be honest. Everyone let alone not to mention the bad guys good guys, like honesty. Honesty begets good. Honestly, all the problems to be easily solved.
Second, smart. It's light is something fundamentally dishonest in one's life. But to be honest but stupid-sorry-less meaningful because it would more be a burden to others. Therefore he must be intelligent in order to take an active role in responding to any problems that hit at least himself.
Third, be friends. What it means to be honest and intelligent but could not get along with others? Selfish, self-only, and do not like to hurt other people a lot of benefits, although honest and intelligent. Hence the character of a must-have is should be friends.
Fourth, is responsible. This is the character at stake is a person in his social life. As a warrior stance, reflecting the personality of the character responsible for the reliable as well as pride. Is not every action is always held accountable?
• Character Education Objectives
On various occasions the minister, M. Noah insisted that character education for students about to make man in Indonesia aimed at Indonesia as an individual who has three elements as well as below.
First, as a creature of God who recognizes that all creatures were equal before God. That the fellow creatures of God nothing is more superior and more powerful than others. If everyone has a mind like this, will undoubtedly arise a sense of mutual love among fellow. Life had become harmonious and mutually respectful, tolerant with the difference, and like to please help.
Second, as an intellectual man who has embitterment to know (curiousity) to the various developments in science and technology. Thus, someone will be smart and intelligent as always trying to increase knowledge and skills. In turn, science and technology under their control can be utilized not only for the benefit of himself but also the benefit of others, even citizens of the world.
Third, as citizens of the Republic of Indonesia who love and take pride in the homeland. Love is characterized by a strong sense of belonging to the Republic of Indonesia based on Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution, and the Unity in Diversity. Proud to be indicated by the achievement achievements contributed to the Homeland for the glory of the nation and state. With these three main objectives, a comprehensive character education is about to make every child has the character of the nation that upholds the value of devotion, kesosialan, and nationality. Moreover, the nature of devotion, kesosialan, and nationality is not done blindly but rather carried out with full awareness that the third character is accompanied by the nature of science (curiousity)
• Local Wisdom for Character Education
Knowingly or not, it is very much the traditional values that live in a society that can be used as the charge character education. The values of this tradition has become the local wisdom that although vary between tribes but has a very significant similarities. When traditional values are about to be synchronized with the character education undoubtedly very much in line with core values and character education goals.
Recorded in the history of our nation, a belief in something supernatural into the lives of many tribes. Prior to Hinduism as a religion which first came to Indonesia, tribes in the country is generally embraced animism and dynamism. They believe that the real nature behind it there is a power that controls their lives and they adored him. Through worship, they expect their lives, relatives and the environment goes well. On the basis of their espoused beliefs that organize their social harmony.
When the incoming religions ranging from Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Christianity, and Islam, the nation's confidence in Indonesia to the god is growing. In accordance with the confidence and belief of each, every religion believes that only God is Great and Almighty, while the man to be submissive and obedient to the titahNya including respect for others and to preserve the natural surroundings.
Furthermore, belief in God is not only a spiritual foundation and guidance as well as the ritual demands of its adherents, but also a source of values and social norms such as honesty, mutual help, responsibility, and so forth. As we know, one of the pillars of faith is believing that God is all-seeing. Pilar is what makes religious people feel the need to always be honest. Another pillar, every act of human will one day be held accountable before God. This aspect of religion that encourages its adherents always consider every action: whether in line with religious teachings or aberrant. As for the attitude of mutual help, every religion ordering at least among the followers of each religion.
In addition to values and norms are derived from religion, in our communities in Indonesia ethnic groups also exist and are still living the values and social norms are sourced from customs. Usually the local wisdom that comes from this custom shaped proverb proverb that teaches kindness as an invitation to increase knowledge, encouragement for hard work, advice in accumulating wealth, language grammar rules, how to respect others, to preserve the teachings of nature around.
Hereditary local wisdom that comes from customs, and coupled with local wisdom that comes from the teachings of religion, still continues to be inherited and indeed still alive in our communities. Therefore, when a character education re-echoed the true wisdom that can be used to reinforce character education. Instead of character education is to revitalize the local wisdom to be utilized within the framework of national and state life.
Therefore figures stakeholder local wisdom is basically still a lot, and generally well-educated, then it opens the opportunity to reconcile their character education and local wisdom. When we are able to reconcile in the sense indicates that character education in line with our own traditional values, then the effectiveness of character education will be quickly felt. Hopefully.